History of Alcudia (Mallorca)

Alcudia is situated in the north west of the island of Mallorca. It is approximately 55 kilometres from the capital Palma and a few miles south of Puerto Pollensa.

The original old town of Alcudia which dates back to around 1300 is 2 miles inland and although the Phoenicians and Greeks were the one’s who first settled here, it was the Romans who made Alcudia the capital of the island, and so this town is abundant in history, although sadly much of it is no longer to be seen.

In the town you will find many narrow cobbled medieval streets which make for quite a quaint atmosphere. These are surrounded by a crenulated town wall. The original town wall was erected in the 14th century by King Jaume of Aragon who captured Majorca from the Moors. These original walls fell into disrepair however, and it wasn’t until the 20th Century when work was done to restore much of them and return them to their glory. The walls contain 26 towers of which Porta de Moll is the most famous. There is a walk around the walls, and every Wednesday a noonday walking tour is organised by the local tourist office.

The best Roman building still visible is the two thousand seat Teatre Roma auditorium which lies a few minutes walk to the south of the town. Teatre Roma is the only surviving Roman theatre on Majorca and is also the smallest amphitheatre in Spain.

The Ca’n Torro library which is situated in a rather impressive 14th century mansion hosts many exhibitions and concerts throughout the year and it’s well worth visiting one of these during your stay so that you can see this impressive building from the inside.

Sadly the majority of the Roman remains in this town aren’t quite what you might wish for. There are assorted bits of crumbling stone which mark various sites including that which some believe to be Pollentia’s forum (Pollentia being just down the road from this town). However most of what you see is just that, crumbling stone work and ruins and you need to rely quite heavily on your imagination to be able to picture the structures and the shape of the old settlement. The Museu’ Monografic which is a simple single roomed museum holds interpretations of what you do see, and some people find this worth visiting before they see the ruins for themselves so they can better picture what it might have once looked like.